[A2k] Wikileaks on USTR negotiations with India Minister Sharma

Jamie Love james.love at keionline.org
Sun Aug 28 21:58:12 PDT 2011


http://keionline.org/node/1207

Wikileaks on USTR negotiations with India Minister Sharma

Among the cables recently published by Wilileaks is one written on November
24, 2009, detailing negotiations between USTR and Anand Sharma, the Cabinet
Minister for Commerce and Industry of the Government of India. The complete
cable is available here:
http://wikileaks.org/cable/2009/11/09NEWDELHI2375.html

Below, I highlight a few sections of the cable dealing with IPR issues. One
concerns discussions between USTR official Stan McCoy and India Industry
Joint Secretary Gopal Krishna, concerning the pharmaceutical company
Gilead's efforts to patent "incremental innovations." The notes in the cable
reported that "Both sides agreed that it was advantageous to patent
incremental innovation."

"Finally, on patent and data protection, the discussion focused
primarily on U.S. pharmaceutical company Gilead's rejected patent
application for incremental innovations. Both sides agreed that it
was advantageous to patent incremental innovation and, in Gilead's
case, that appropriate procedures, such as review appeal, under the
Indian Patent Act would be followed. Both sides also agreed to
discuss this issue in the future, including general discussions on
the scope of patentable subject matter, Indian Patent Office
decisions on cases under Section 3(d) of the Patent Act, and any
future issues that may arise."

This and other excerpts follow:

SUBJECT: USTR KIRK AND MINISTER SHARMA REACTIVATE TRADE POLICY FORUM,
2009-11-24 12:24

¶1. (SBU) Summary. On October 26, United States Trade Representative
(USTR) Ambassador Ron Kirk led an interagency delegation to India
for the first Trade Policy Forum (TPF) meeting with the GOI since
February 2008. Noting the 20 months between TPF meetings, USTR Kirk
and Minister of Commerce and Industry Anand Sharma stressed the need
to meet more often and for Focus Groups leads to either resolve old
disputes or elevate them to Ministers to resolve and focus on areas
where they could make progress. The U.S. side proposed a "Framework
for Cooperation on Trade and Investment" agreement for possible
signing during Prime Minister (PM) Singh's late November visit,
which the GOI welcomed. The delegations also discussed possible
"deliverables" for the PM visit such as renewal of the bilateral IPR
MOU and a Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) agreement.
USTR Kirk expressed the longer-term objective of creating the
conditions so that India becomes one of United States top 10 trading
partners, up from its current rank of 18. (Note: While signing the
Framework Agreement appears delayed until early 2010, the IPR MOU,
an IPR Action Plan, and the TKDL agreement were all signed on the
margins of the PM visit.)
End Summary.

Innovation and Creativity Focus Group
-------------------------------------

¶12. (U) The Innovation and Creativity Focus Group, led by Assistant
USTR Stanley McCoy and Industry Joint Secretary Gopal Krishna, had
amicable and constructive discussions on a wide range of
intellectual property rights issues of concern to both sides,
including those which have contributed to India's presence on the
Priority Watch List. Both sides agreed to move forward on all these
issues.

¶13. (SBU) USG concerns centered on amendments to the copyright law,
optical disc legislation, and patents and data protections. The GOI
agreed to a substantive discussion of the draft copyright law after
it introduces the amendments to Parliament in November as the GOI is
bound by internal regulations not to discuss it beforehand. (Note:
The Copyright Bill was on the list as one of 62 bills scheduled to
be introduced to Parliament, which opened on November 19. End
Note.) The GOI, however, assured the USG that the drafts of the
copyright amendments considered USG concerns on WIPO Internet
Treaties, although the GOI was non-specific on the content.
Regarding the draft Optical Disc (OD) legislation, the GOI noted
several difficulties it was having including technical, legal, and
procedural issues, state government involvement, and other areas.
The USG agreed to provide further details and guidance on Source ID
code on blank discs, camcording, and related issues via a DVC.
Finally, on patent and data protection, the discussion focused
primarily on U.S. pharmaceutical company Gilead's rejected patent
application for incremental innovations. Both sides agreed that it
was advantageous to patent incremental innovation and, in Gilead's
case, that appropriate procedures, such as review appeal, under the
Indian Patent Act would be followed. Both sides also agreed to
discuss this issue in the future, including general discussions on
the scope of patentable subject matter, Indian Patent Office
decisions on cases under Section 3(d) of the Patent Act, and any
future issues that may arise.

¶14. (SBU) The GOI raised several issues with the USG including
piracy of Indian music and movies, the Google book settlement, the
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) access agreement, the
misappropriation of the practice of yoga, and the treatment of
traditional medicines. On piracy, the GOI offered to provide the
USG with a list of websites which are used for piracy of Indian
music and films, which the USG agreed to pass on to the appropriate
U.S. law enforcement officials. The USG agreed to share with the
GOI its views on the Google book settlement case that it submitted
to the U.S. court where the case is being tried as the USG has its
own concerns about this settlement. Both sides agreed that the TKDL
agreement is ready for signing (Note: The signing occurred during
the Prime Minister Singh's visit. End note). Regarding patents for
the practice of yoga, the USG was able to show that copyrights
granted were for yoga-related products like printed material and
equipment, which would not interfere with the practice of yoga in
India. Finally, the two sides decided that a discussion of
traditional medicines was a topic for the SFG.

-- 
James Love.  Knowledge Ecology International
http://www.keionline.org, +1.202.332.2670, US Mobile: +1.202.361.3040,
Geneva Mobile: +41.76.413.6584, efax: +1.888.245.3140.
twitter.com/jamie_love



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