[A2k] [Ip-health] Is access to information a human right?

Chris Zielinski ziggytheblue at gmail.com
Wed Jan 7 09:14:40 PST 2015


Most interesting - a chink in the armour opens up (in the European
Parliament at least). The authors of that study stress that "the right to
access to documents as such is only treated insofar as it provides useful
information for the application of the principle of openness in practice on
the debate on FreeSoftware and Open Standards" but this is nevertheless
(like the Unesco document cited in the exchange with Paul Uhlir) valuable
progress.

Thanks to Erik for providing this very relevant source.

Best,

Chris

On 7 January 2015 at 16:15, Erik Josefsson <erik.hjalmar.josefsson at gmail.com
> wrote:

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> Just a comment that the discussion of the thread is reflected in the
> study "Ensuring utmost transparency - Free Software and Open Standards
> under the Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament":
>
> "In a recent judgment of 25 June 2013, for the case of Youth Initiative
> for Human Rights v Serbia, the Court unanimously recalled, in its
> reasoning on admissibility, that the notion of "freedom to receive
> information" embraces a "right of access to information". The judgment
> has, in our view correctly, been interpreted as having "established
> implicitly the right of access", in that the notion of "freedom to
> receive information" embraces a right of access to information."
>
> http://www.ifosslr.org/ifosslr/article/view/105
>
> //Erik
>
> On 01/06/2015 07:22 PM, Uhlir, Paul wrote:
> > Hi all:
> >
> > The first paragraph of p.1 of the "Policy Guidelines for the Development
> and Promotion of Governmental Public Domain Information," P.F. Uhlir,
> UNESCO, 44 p. (2004) states:
> >
> > PART I: WHY GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC DOMAIN INFORMATION
> > IS IMPORTANT
> > 1.1 Purpose and scope of the Guidelines
> > According to article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights’,
> the right to freedom of
> > opinion and expression “includes the freedom to seek, receive and impart
> information and ideas
> > through any media and regardless of frontiers”. Article 27( 1) of the
> same Declaration provides for
> > the “right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community
> ... and to share in scientific
> > advancement and its benefits”. Thus, one of the ultimate goals of any
> society striving for human
> > development is the empowerment of all its citizens through access to and
> use of information and
> > knowledge. In the current information revolution and the emerging
> knowledge societies, “universal
> > access” to information and communication technology (ICT), and
> particularly to global digital
> > information networks’ exemplified by the Internet, is essential for
> achieving this goal. Moreover,
> > multilingualism in cyberspace is of vital and strategic importance in
> ensuring the right to
> > information and cultural diversity....
> >
> > See: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/ulis/cgi-bin/ulis.pl?catno=137363
> >
> > ________________________________________
> > From: A2k [a2k-bounces at lists.keionline.org] On Behalf Of Chris
> Zielinski [ziggytheblue at gmail.com]
> > Sent: Tuesday, January 06, 2015 7:41 AM
> > To: Philippe Aigrain
> > Cc: a2k at lists.keionline.org
> > Subject: Re: [A2k] [Ip-health] Is access to information a human right?
> >
> > Philippe quotes Article 27.2 which grants a person the right of
> protection
> > of works of which they are the author and then says this does not place
> the
> > control of works in the hands of authors. Hmm.
> >
> >
> > The official authoritative UDHR/Covenant commentary literature (notably
> > CESCR Comment 17 - http://www.refworld.org/docid/441543594.html
> > <http://www.refworld.org/docid/441543594.html%C2%A0>) stresses that
> this is
> > a human right attaching to the person of the author – there is no doubt
> > whatsoever about that – and that, as a human right based on personal
> human
> > dignity, it cannot be licensed, sold or passed on to anyone or any
> company.
> > The Comment stresses that for these reasons copyright is not a human
> right.
> >
> >
> > Copyright nevertheless derives an ethical/moral strength from Article
> 27.2.
> > Thisnis even more true in countries belonging following the droits
> d’auteur
> > regime.
> >
> >
> > I agree with Philippe that copyright enforcement is largely by and for
> > publishers and others who have licensed or bought the rights from the
> > authors.
> >
> >
> > Best,
> >
> >
> > Chris
> >
> > On 5 January 2015 at 20:28, Philippe Aigrain <
> philippe.aigrain at wanadoo.fr>
> > wrote:
> >
> >> Actually article 27 of UHDR and article 15 of the Covenant on Economic,
> >> Social and Cultural Rights say things that clearly contradict the
> >> statement by Chris Zielinski. 27.1 affirms the right freely to
> >> participate in the cultural life of the City (I believe that this
> >> includes sharing works between individuals without aim of profit, but it
> >> is a matter of interpretation of the statement in today's context). 27.2
> >> affirms the right of every person to the protection of the moral and
> >> material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic
> >> production of which he is the author. This DOES NOT say how there
> >> interests should be served, does not mention exclusive rights (which
> >> were strongly rejected by some countries) and certainly does not place
> >> the control of works in the hands of authors. It just say that societies
> >> have a duty to protect these moral and material interests of authors, a
> >> duty which the fulfill presently very poorly by focussing mainly on
> >> copyright enforcement for the benefit of publishers and distributors.
> >>
> >> Philippe Aigrain
> >> http://www.sharing-thebook.com
> >>
> >>> On Wed, Dec 31, 2014 at 09:57:14PM +0000, Chris Zielinski wrote:
> >>>> I’ve just posted a blog that might be of interest to members of the
> A2K
> >> and
> >>>> IP-Health lists. The blog seeks to answer the question, “Is access to
> >>>> information a human right?” by carrying out a short, non-specialist
> >>>> analysis of Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It
> >> is at
> >>>> http://ziggytheblue.wordpress.com   – Wordpress runs a short free
> >>>> registration step and sends you no subsequent spam.
> >>>>
> >>>> Happy New Year to all!
> >>>
> >>> Happy New Year!
> >>>
> >>> "And it places the right to control the work firmly in the hands of the
> >> author."
> >>>
> >>> But the UDHR does not say that. Conflicting human rights require a
> >> balancing of rights. Peter Yu recommends just remuneration for conflicts
> >> taking place within the human rights system. See also an FFII note
> partly
> >> based on his work:
> >>>
> >>> http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1926102
> >>> http://acta.ffii.org/?p=2017
> >>>
> >>> best,
> >>>
> >>> Ante
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>
> >>>> Chris
> >>>>
> >>>> Chris Zielinski chris at chriszielinski.com
> >>>> _______________________________________________
> >>>> Ip-health mailing list
> >>>> Ip-health at lists.keionline.org
> >>>>
> >>
> http://lists.keionline.org/mailman/listinfo/ip-health_lists.keionline.org
> >>>
> >>> _______________________________________________
> >>> A2k mailing list
> >>> A2k at lists.keionline.org
> >>> http://lists.keionline.org/mailman/listinfo/a2k_lists.keionline.org
> >>>
> >>
> >>
> >> _______________________________________________
> >> A2k mailing list
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> >>
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