[Ip-health] Politico: GOP candidates stuck on drug prices

Elizabeth Rajasingh elizabeth.rajasingh at gmail.com
Tue Dec 1 07:24:56 PST 2015


http://www.politico.com/story/2015/11/drug-costs-gop-candidates-prescriptions-216292

By PAUL DEMKO and SARAH KARLIN
12/01/15

Florida Sen. Marco Rubio blamed skyrocketing drug costs on “pure
profiteering” by drug companies at a private campaign event in New
Hampshire.

Retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson complained in Iowa that “the same drug that
costs 60 dollars here for a pill, you can go to another country and get it
for a quarter.”

And billionaire businessman Donald Trump said it was “disgusting” that
Turing Pharmaceuticals had imposed a 5,000 percent price hike on a drug
relied on by HIV patients.

What the 2016 GOP presidential candidates don’t say is that Medicare should
negotiate drug prices or that the government should limit drug maker’s
profits, steps that might dramatically shake up the marketplace. For the
most part, they’re not even making modest suggestions to stem rising costs,
focusing instead on hammering a few headline-making companies that they
portray as bad actors.

Even as they try to address an issue that polls show is voters’ No. 1
health concern, the candidates are caught in the box of Republican free
market orthodoxy — and also, of long-standing relationships with the
pharmaceutical industry, a lobbying powerhouse on the Hill. In the 2012
election cycle, more than 60 percent of PhRMA’s spending went toward
Republican candidates, compared to 25 percent of contributions to
Democrats, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.

“Republicans are darned if they do and darned if they don't,” said Dean
Clancy, a conservative health policy analyst and former White House and
congressional staffer, now consulting for Adams Auld LLC. “If they oppose
price controls, they look like they're in the pocket of the drug companies.
If they endorse competitive reforms, they potentially risk the ire, not
just of the drug makers, but also of insurers and patients. What I think
they really want is to find a way to lay the blame on Obamacare.”

As a result, most have sought to ride the wave of populist anger by blaming
the government for overzealous regulation, in addition to castigating the
pricing outliers.

Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush has called for modernizing the FDA’s
“regulatory morass” — even though the agency has gone through a few rounds
of congressionally-mandated overhauls and now approves drugs faster than
most other developed countries, where many prescriptions are lower cost.

And New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie called for aggressive prosecution of
price-gougers during a recent presidential debate, but scoffed at more
aggressive Democratic proposals. “Does anybody out there think that giving
Washington, D.C., the opportunity to run the pharmaceutical industry is a
good idea?” he asked at the CNBC debate in Colorado.

In fact, polls suggest that many people do support some government
intervention. A survey released this week from the Campaign for Sustainable
Rx Pricing found 90 percent of likely Iowa voters believe it’s important
for the candidates to address high drug costs and almost 70 percent said
the government should ensure drug price increases are limited.

More Republicans were angry about drug prices than about Obamacare, a
Kaiser Family Foundation survey found. Republicans are also part of the
huge majorities that back strong government measures to make drugs
affordable, for instance, supporting Medicare negotiations over prices (83
percent) and capping what companies can charge for certain products (76
percent).

The GOP candidates’ reticence stands in stark contrast to Democrats, who
have offered aggressive plans to bring down drug costs. Hillary Clinton and
Bernie Sanders both want to attack prices through greater government
intervention in the marketplace. Those ideas may ultimately prove
politically problematic, but they acknowledge drug spending as a central
pocketbook concern for voters.

The Obama administration, meanwhile, held an unusual public forum recently
that brought together government officials, drugmakers and health insurers
to brainstorm possible solutions and build a political case for a new
approach.

As the election draws closer, all signs are the pressure on Republicans to
address the issue will only grow.

Karen Ignagni, recently departed CEO of America’s Health Insurance Plans,
compared the rising anxiety over drug costs to the debate about access to
health care that simmered during the 2008 presidential cycle. That
discussion forced presidential contenders on both sides of the aisle to
offer significant proposals to address the issue and ultimately led to
passage of the Affordable Care Act.

“We have reached a fork in the road where this issue now has been squarely
teed up for the political dialogue,” Ignagni said. “Consumers and employers
and public sector purchasers are focused laser-like on affordability.”

But there’s little indication that Republicans, on the campaign trial or on
the Hill, have concrete solutions to address constituents’ concerns. Some
on the right worry this could quickly become a liability.

“I think politically [Republicans] are in a challenging spot,” said Scott
Gottlieb, a fellow at the free market-focused American Enterprise Institute
who previously held senior policy positions at the Centers for Medicare &
Medicaid Services and the Food and Drug Administration.

Republicans are starting to discuss the drug price issues, but without a
set of policy solutions to back them up, he said.

“In the absence of a defined set of policies I think this could end up
spiraling into a big populist issue with no clear response,” Gottlieb said.
“I suspect that’s why the Democrats are pushing on it. Republicans are
probably going to end up being vulnerable because they are not unifying
behind a core set of principles and polices.”

In the Senate, the only Republican who has taken action on drug pricing
issues, Susan Collins of Maine, is also focusing on so-called bad actors,
rather than on the high costs of innovative therapies.

Along with Missouri Democrat Claire McCaskill, she is probing Turing,
Valeant and two other companies known for buying existing drugs and then
exponentially hiking the prices.

Collins told POLITICO it is “premature to settle on policy,” but that she
wants to make sure any solutions “do not stifle innovation and R&D.” She
said she expected widespread bipartisan interest in her investigation.

On the House side, Oversight and Government Reform Chairman Jason Chaffetz
(R-Utah) recently acquiesced to Democrats' importunings to hold a hearing
on the tactics used by Turing and Valeant, six months after their initial
request for an investigation.

Most observers say Republicans will have to eventually come up with their
own plan to address a key pocketbook issue for voters still struggling in
the aftermath of the Great Recession.

“If they don’t, it’s going to be to their detriment,” said Chris Jennings,
a Democratic veteran of Washington’s health care battles. “They can’t just
not engage on this front.”

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Elizabeth Rajasingh
Perls Research and Policy Fellow, Knowledge Ecology International
elizabeth.rajasingh at gmail.com | 410-829-7866



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