[Ip-health] SAVE THE DATE - 16 December 2015 - KEI breakout session on A WTO Agreement on the Supply of Social Goods

Thiru Balasubramaniam thiru at keionline.org
Tue Dec 15 04:56:34 PST 2015


http://keionline.org/node/2403

SAVE THE DATE - 16 December 2015 - KEI breakout session on A WTO Agreement
on the Supply of Social Goods


On Wednesday, 16 December 2015, at the Fourth Global Congress on
Intellectual Property and the Public Interest (National Law University,
Delhi, India), Knowledge Ecology International (KEI) will convene a
breakout session (led by Jamie Love, Director, KEI) on a WTO Agreement on
the Supply of Social Goods.

The aim of the proposed agreement is to expand the supply of social/public
goods by creating a mechanism within the WTO for member governments to make
binding commitments to supply (broadly defined) public/social goods having
cross­-border benefits.

The proposal is to create a new agreement in the WTO on the supply of
public goods. The agreement would expand the supply of public goods that
have global or cross-­border benefits. The proposed agreement would use the
unique powers of the WTO to make voluntary offers to supply public goods
enforceable and binding, in a manner analogous to other agreements in the
WTO system, such as the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). This
would facilitate agreements between countries that are willing to share the
costs of supplying public goods.

The feature that makes the WTO unique and important is the power to enforce
its agreements. The WTO Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) allows
members to impose diverse trade sanctions against other WTO members when
rules or commitments are broken. The sanctions may take the form of tariffs
on selective or targeted goods, and also other measures, including
retaliation against intellectual property rights.

Currently, the architecture of the WTO is designed to facilitate the trade
and provision of private goods, ?such as by promoting the private enclosure
of knowledge goods through norms enforced through by the WTO TRIPS
Agreement, or by lowering barriers to trade in private goods.

The WTO GATS is designed to privatize and liberalize trade in service,
featuring a system of binding “offers.” The offers are not uniform, and
depend upon a willingness to liberalize in a specific sector, and upon the
interest of other countries to do so. Liberalization commitments are traded
in an environment where “asks” and “offers” cover a wide range to topics,
including changes in tariffs or agricultural subsides, or requests for
support of new intellectual property norms. What is key to the services
agreement is its ability to accommodate a diverse set of offers, in a
multilateral negotiation, where consensus on uniform norms is unlikely.

The GATS can serve as a model for creating binding commitments to supply a
diverse set of public goods.

The benefits of a WTO agreement on public goods would be several. It could
replace the need to set up a separate treaty or agreement, using the WTO’s
existing governance structure and secretariat. On the other hand, a WTO
schedule on the supply of public goods could complement separate treaties
or agreements ­­ by lending the WTO’s enforcement powers to third party
agreements, on public goods. By introducing public goods into the WTO
environment -the culture of the WTO would be profoundly changed. “Asks” and
“offers” in the WTO negotiations would no longer be exclusively about the
private goods market, or about the privatization and enclosure of knowledge
itself. There would be a shift to consider the competing benefits of
greater openness, and a larger global commons. Knowledge that was produced
to be “free” would have a new value as a trading chip in the WTO
environment.

This breakout session will take place in New Delhi on Wednesday, 16
December 2015 from 10:30 AM to 11:00 AM in Room 203 of the National Law
University, Delhi.



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