[Ip-health] Infojustice Roundup - May 2, 2016

Michael Palmedo mpalmedo at wcl.american.edu
Mon May 2 14:49:25 PDT 2016


Infojustice Roundup



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USTR Releases 2016 Special 301 Report: New Law Requires Further Engagement with Priority Watch List Countries



[Mike Palmedo] Last week, the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) released the 2016 Special 301 Report. The report satisfies the longstanding legislative requirement that it identify "those foreign countries that deny adequate and effective protection of intellectual property rights (IPR), or deny fair and equitable market access to United States persons that rely upon intellectual property protection." ...this year a new law requires USTR to develop "action plans" with countries on the Priority Watch List and allows "appropriate actions" if the U.S. is unsatisfied with its trading partners' progress on these plans. Click here for more.<http://infojustice.org/archives/35963>



See also:  Statements on the Special 301 Report by Knowledge Ecology International<http://keionline.org/node/2479>, the Electronic Frontier Foundation<https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/04/captured-us-trade-agency-resorts-bullying-again-2016-special-301-report>, PhRMA<http://phrma.org/media-releases/phrma-statement-on-2016-special-301-report> and USTR<https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2016/april/ustr-releases-special-301-report>



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Draft Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Intellectual Property and Investment Chapters Leaked



[Mike Palmedo] Knowledge Ecology International (KEI) has leaked draft texts of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) chapters on intellectual property and investment.  The drafts are dated October 2015. RCEP is a large trade deal being negotiated by the ASEAN nations (Brunei, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and their current FTA partners (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand)... Though RCEP is sometimes presented as a sort of non-U.S.-influenced alternative to the Trans Pacific Partnership, many of the same types of provisions are found in the IP and investment chapters.  Click here for more.<http://infojustice.org/archives/35948>



Candidates Clinton and Sanders on Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in the TPP and Other Trade Agreements



[Mike Palmedo] The Pennsylvania Fair Trade Coalition (PFTC) has released questionnaires completed by candidates Sanders and Clinton on their views on the Trans Pacific Partnership. The questionnaires consist of ten questions and allow the candidates to give detailed answers.  Topics include intellectual property and medicines, labor, environment, and fast track. Both candidates' fully completed questionnaires are available in the PFTC press release. Question 4, on intellectual property and access to medicine, and each candidates' full answer, are reproduced below. Click here for more.<http://infojustice.org/archives/35928>



Knowledge Creates Markets: The Influence of Entrepreneurial Support and Patent Rights on Academic Entrepreneurship



[Dirk Czarnitzki, Thorsten Doherr, Paula Schliessler, and Andrew A. Toole] Abstract: We use an exogenous change in German Federal law to examine how entrepreneurial support and the ownership of patent rights influence academic entrepreneurship. In 2002, the German Federal Government enacted a major reform called Knowledge Creates Markets that set up new infrastructure to facilitate university-industry technology transfer and shifted the ownership of patent rights from university researchers to their universities. Based on a novel researcher-level panel database that includes a control group not affected by the policy change, we find no evidence that the new infrastructure resulted in an increase in start-up companies by university researchers. The shift in patent rights may have strengthened the relationship between patents on university-discovered inventions and university start-ups; however, it substantially decreased the volume of patents with the largest decrease taking place in faculty-firm patenting relationships. Click here for more.<http://infojustice.org/archives/35969>





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