[Ip-health] Motsoaledi on IP and price of cancer drugs
marcus.low at tac.org.za
Tue May 10 03:14:01 PDT 2016
South Africa's Minister of Health Aaron Motsoaledi made some strong
comments on the prices of cancer drugs in his budget vote speech today
(full speech below). It is encouraging to see some real moral
leadership on an issue that so many politicians equivocate on.
DEBATE ON THE HEALTH BUDGET VOTE
10 MAY 2016
DR AARON MOTSOALEDI, MINISTER OF HEALTH
Madam Speaker/Deputy Speaker/House Chairperson
My Colleague Deputy Minister of Health, Dr Joe Phaahla
Chairperson of the Portfolio Committee on Health, Honourable Lindelwa
Honourable Members of the Portfolio Committee on Health
Representatives of UN agencies
Representatives of development agencies and Donor Partners
Ladies and Gentlemen
It is a great honour for me to present the 2016/17 budget of the
National Department of Health for consideration and approval of this
It is during moments like this that we need to remind each other that
South Africa has a plan – a plan of where we should be by 2030 – hence
Vision 2030 or the National Development Plan (NDP).
Equally, the World, through the United Nations (UN) does have a plan –
the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
These plans have objectives, goals and targets and it is extremely
important for us to work within the framework of the SDGs in order to
achieve the main aim of the Department of Health – i.e., A Long and
Healthy Life for all South Africans.
We know by now that there are four (4) highways along which South
Africans are marching to their graves. We call these four highways the
four colliding epidemics or the quadruple burden of disease.
Just to remind you again because it is extremely important for South
Africa not to forget this. The four highways are:
A huge burden of HIV and AIDS and TB – this is the biggest highway
of them all with many many lanes;
A burden of Maternal and Child Mortality;
An ever exploding burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) or
diseases of life style which is threatening to get out of control
Injury, violence and trauma, especially on our roads – this also
seems to be getting out of control with mass funerals from motor
vehicle accidents becoming the order of the day.
The NDP clearly spells out that we need to decisively deal with these
highways. In simple language, we must markedly reduce this burden of
disease because it is too high a burden for the Nation to carry.
In order to design new plans on how to go about reducing this burden,
we need to first take stock of where we come from and where we are at
the present moment.
As you know, the country is implementing the world’s biggest HIV and
AIDS treatment programme, which started with the launch of the world’s
biggest testing campaign in 2010 – i.e the HCT Campaign that ended up
testing 18 million South Africans for HIV and AIDS within a period of
18 months. Today, 10 million South Africans test on an annual basis.
AIDS deaths in South Africa declined from 320 000 in 2010 to 140 000
in 2014, and mother-to-child transmission of HIV reduced from 70 000
babies in 2004 to less than 7 000 in 2015.
As you can see, these are remarkable successes. But you will notice
that the successes are largely due to Biomedical Interventions.
When it comes to the area of socio-behavioral interventions, it is an
uphill battle – especially in the age group 15-24 year old girls and
young women. In this age cohort, there are 5 000 new infections per
week in 14 Southern and Eastern African countries – but half of these
occur in South Africa alone.
Hence to meet the NDP objective of reducing the burden of disease, to
have life expectancy of 70 years by 2030 and to have an AIDS-free
generation of under 20’s, we wish to announce two major plans:
In September this year, we will remove CD4 count as an eligibility
criterion for ARV treatment;
It means we shall move to test and treat in line with the new
guidelines released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in December
In addition, we will provide PrEP (Pre Exposure Prophylaxis) to sex
workers in 10 sex worker programmes from June this year. With regard
to providing PrEP to young women we will start by learning lessons
from demonstration projects on how best provide PrEP to them before
offering this intervention to all vulnerable young women.
These new programmes will cost us an additional R1 billion in this
year’s budget and we are happy that the Treasury has made this amount
available, despite the harsh economic climate in which we find
The second major programme I wish to announce is a plan to deal with
the young generation.
I wish to announce that next month – June (youth month), we shall
launch a 3-year campaign focusing on girls and young women, in the age
group 15-24 years, and the men who are infecting and impregnating
them. This campaign will have five objectives, namely –
• Decreasing infections in girls and young women;
• Decreasing teenage pregnancy;
• Decreasing sexual and gender-based violence;
• Keeping girls in school until matric; and
• Increasing economic opportunities for young women to try and wean
them away from sugar-daddies.
This campaign must be a whole of government and whole of society
campaign and led by young people. I am pleased that 6 young people are
my guests in the gallery today. I will ask them to stand so that you
can all see them!
This campaign will cost R3 billion and will be made possible by
funding from PEPFAR, Global Fund, the GIZ (German Development Agency)
and government departments.
Honourable Members, 16 years ago, in the year 2000, the World’s
largest conference on HIV and AIDS, the International AIDS Society
Conference (IAS) was held in the City of eThekwini. We recall the
images of the brave and sadly departed Nkosi Johnson who made an
impassionate plea for greater global attention to be paid to AIDS.
This was also the Conference that called for ARV treatment to be made
affordable and available in poorly resourced countries. 16 Years later
we are very happy to note that we live in a world in which millions of
people are on treatment – with the largest number by far in our own
I wish to announce to the House that in July this year, the World is
returning to eThekwini after a 16 year period, for the IAS Conference.
There will be about 20 000 people in attendance, including Heads of
States. This time around, we have a different story to tell.
I would like to urge Honourable Members to consider attending the Conference.
As you heard earlier, the highway of HIV and AIDS also contain TB in
it. Although TB deaths have declined from 70 000 in 2009 to less than
40 000 in 2014, TB still remains the biggest killer of all infectious
diseases in our country and indeed globally.
Since the screening campaign was launched on World TB Day on 24 March
2015 by Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, I am happy to announce that
we have successfully screened thousands of people in the vulnerable
sectors of correctional services, mining and peri-mining communities.
This year we are focusing on 8 metros with the aim to screen 1,3
In this instance, we wish to welcome the R4,2 billion grant from the
Global Fund to support our HIV and TB responses.
Honourable Members, as you may recall, together with the Right
Honourable Nick Herbert, a member of the UK Parliament, I co-chair the
Global TB Caucus which is a forum of Members of Parliaments around the
world to join a global advocacy effort to eradicate TB.
I wish to announce that the African Regional TB Caucus will be
launched in July in eThekwini and urge every member of the House to
join the Caucus and also to support the launch of the African Region
of TB Caucus.
Honourable Members, as I have said earlier, only 16 years ago it was
unthinkable to put so many people on treatment with ARVs as we are
doing now. The price of ARVs was exorbitant. Lest we forget it used to
cost $10 000.00 just to put one person on a year’s treatment in the
year 2000. If that was not strongly challenged, it means in South
Africa today, for our 3,4 million people on ARVs the country would be
paying R510 billion, that is half the country’s budget. It would have
been totally unaffordable to treat people. Imagine how many would have
died. Imagine the collapse of the economy with so many people dying –
imagine the collapse of the education system, the health system and
However, this horrible scenario was averted when civil society
activists in both developed and developing countries, joined by UN
agencies, Philanthropies and governments, ensured that prices were
drastically reduced!! Of course large volumes and generic competition
also contributed to the reduction. Today, instead of $10 000.00 per
annum it costs only $67.00 per annum to put one person on ARVs.
Unfortunately Honourable Members, that horrible scenario that was
averted more than a decade and a half ago, is back to haunt us!
The horror scene is back but not in the HIV and AIDS arena – but in
the new arena of Non-Communicable diseases, i.e., NCDs as well as for
the treatment of Drug Resistant TB.
You are aware of the exploding prevalence of Cancer around the world
and in our own country. We have just moved in a circle. Just as the
price of ARVs were unaffordable then, Cancer drugs are devilishly
unaffordable today. If no drastic action is taken today, we are going
to be counting body bags like we are at war. Two years ago, I was
regarded as exaggerating or outright insane by some, when I spoke
openly against Pharmaceutical companies that were planning a price
onslaught against us. Today, that onslaught which I had foreseen is
here with us.
If you have breast cancer and you need treatment with Trastuzumab,
known commonly as Herceptin you must part with close to R500 000.00
for a year’s treatment,
R396 613.00, for colorectal cancer;
R960 000.00 for metastatic melanoma;
R204 000.00 for MRD-TB; and
R832 000.00 for XDR-TB.
These are figures out of this world which even those with medical aids
can hardly afford, but it is the reality that ordinary South Africans
are faced with everyday.
Today, we have no option but to call for HIV and AIDS-like solidarity
of all the progressive forces to force significant decreases in the
price of these medicines.
The global situation is so out of control that the UN Secretary
General, Mr Ban Ki-moon has established a High Level Panel on Access
to Medicines. Due to the role South Africa played in the fight for
affordable ARVs, the Director-General of Health, Ms Precious Matsoso
has been selected as a member of this Panel. Hence she is not
attending this Budget vote today because she is at the UN dealing with
Last month Pope Francis entered the fray and convened a meeting of
stakeholders to discuss this issue at the Vatican. He was worried
about the morality of allowing people to die through uncontrollable
prices, i.e., uncontrolled commercialization of healthcare. This is
what he said: "These patients, in fact, often are not given enough
attention because the idea of profit prevails over the value of human
life. It is fundamentally important to promote greater empathy in
society, so that nobody remains indifferent to our neighbor's cry for
help, including when he or she is suffering from a rare disease.”
Honourable Members, the examples of pricing of healthcare I have given
above is just but a tip of the iceberg to indicate how impossible it
is going to be or already is for many people to survive major
illnesses. Anybody who is desperate to remain alive and tries to
obtain treatment at current costs will end up in poverty.
Alternatively, governments will end up bankrupt trying to meet the
health needs of their populations. This disaster of unaffordable
healthcare unfortunately affects people unequally. Those of higher
socio-economic status are better protected and the unfortunate ones of
lower economic status are left to perish.
In this context the World Health Organisation (1978) noted that:
“The existing gross inequality in the health status of the people
particularly between developed and developing countries as well as
within countries is politically, socially and economically
unacceptable and is, therefore, of common concern to all countries”.
Hence Honourable Members, the world of healthcare provision around us
is changing very fast and is changing radically. Those of us given the
responsibility to take care of our people around the whole world, are
in a fighting mood to change our healthcare systems. In this fighting
mood, we are driven by a spirit of no compromise and no surrender.
We want fair, just and equitable healthcare systems that will provide
access to good quality affordable care to individuals regardless of
their socio-economic status.
We are no longer prepared to tolerate very costly healthcare systems
that take care of only the elite, the famous and the powerful members
of society and ignore the poor and the down trodden as if they have no
right to exist.
Hence with the powerful push and influence of the World Health
Assembly, the United Nations has adopted the concept of Universal
Health Coverage as part of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals
In its preamble, it says this is an agenda of “unprecedented scope and
In South Africa, our Universal Health Coverage is called NHI (National
Honourable Members, politically, economically and socially, how do we
continue to justify a healthcare system where 16% of the population
which in essence is the cream of the Nation, have pooled their funds
together in their own corner away from the masses in the form of
medical aid schemes only for the elite? Pooling these funds together
for the cream of the nation means substantial resources including
human resources are sitting in that corner alone, hiding away from the
rest of society. Hence today we have 80% of the medical specialists of
the country being available to only 16% of the population and leaving
the remaining 84% of the population to struggle in long queues with
only 20% of the remaining specialists. Today, we have some life-saving
health services being accessed by this 16% of the population only. The
poor are not even allowed to dream about them because they are not
meant for them.
How do we continue to justify that you and I here Honourable Members,
who call ourselves the representatives and humble servants of our
people, together with the judges of our courts who are defenders of
the constitutional rights of our people, benefit from resources in a
very expensive medical scheme of our own – for us and us only?
The same applies to all professionals – teachers, doctors, nurses,
policemen and women, engineers, lawyers, accountants, financial gurus,
and all other crème-de-la-crème of the nation, including those working
in the private sector. Remember that this system is heavily subsidized
by employers and the taxpayer to the exclusion of the masses of our
We can no longer continue to defend these unsustainable positions with
flimsy arguments like claiming that there are a few taxpayers in our
country, conveniently and deliberately forgetting that the poor pay
heavy tax through VAT on an everyday basis. We need to urgently change
this state of affairs and hence we want Universal Health Coverage – we
want NHI where we will be forced to pool together funds for all South
Africans and “all” means “all” – not just a selected few.
NHI is a political decision of a nation hungry for justice and
equality. It is based on political will and should not be subjected to
obstacles driven purely by greed and self-interest of a selected few.
NHI is a reflection of the kind of society we wish to live in – a
society that will be based in values of justice, fairness and social
NHI is not a beauty contest between the private and the public sectors
as many who belong to this selected 16% like arguing, but it
represents a desire to share so that the population can best utilize
what both systems have to offer rather than segmentalised in a way not
consistent with our Constitution.
We are aware that those who wish to discourage the population from
embracing NHI are spreading a narrative based on an assumption that we
are going to implement NHI under the present system of healthcare with
everything based on exorbitant prices in private healthcare sector,
and lack of quality in the public healthcare system.
Let me give a strong warning, we shall not implement NHI under the
present health platforms – both public and private, NO!
We are going to have to change everything drastically – the mad
pricing in the private healthcare sector and the disconcerting
challenges of quality in public healthcare, all these must change and
give way to NHI. As Pope Francis said, we can no longer continue to
being indifferent to our neighbours’ cry for help.
Hence the second paragraph of the NHI White Paper deliberately states
that NHI represents a substantial policy shift that will necessitate
massive reorganization of the healthcare system, both public and
private. Honourable Members, brace yourselves for massive legislative
and structural alterations to both the private and public healthcare
systems, in order to prepare for NHI.
Those who like claiming that it is only the public healthcare system
that needs any changes, and that the private sector needs no changes,
I challenge them to go and listen to inputs by various stakeholders,
especially patients at the Health Market Inquiry being conducted by
former Chief Justice Sandile Ngcobo since February this year.
Let me give a brief report about some of the programmes that are
already in the pipeline in order to help to strengthen and reorganize
the healthcare system in preparation for NHI.
The huge burden of disease in our country is causing us serious
challenges of sometimes running out of drugs – a phenomenon called
drug-stockouts. We have been battling with this problem for some time
We have now implemented a stock visibility system known as SVS in our
Primary Health Care clinics. This is a mobile Application (App) that
healthcare professionals use to scan medicine barcodes and enter the
stock levels for ARVs, anti TB medication and vaccines. This
information is in real-time and is availed at any geographic location,
via the web. Six provinces have the SVS covering 1 900 or 60% of our
clinics. We plan to have 100% of all Primary Health clinics reporting
medicine availability into a national medicine surveillance centre
within the next three months.
We have also implemented an innovation called Central Chronic Medicine
Dispensing and Distribution programme known as CCMDD.
This programme makes it possible for stable patients to collect their
medication from a pick-up point near their home or work – saving both
in time and money. It also reduces waiting times at clinics by
reducing volumes of patients who have to come to a clinic.
We currently have 400 000 patients enrolled into this programme
accessing their medicines from over 1 000 pick-up points including
adherence clubs, occupational health sites, GPs and private
We plan to reach a total of 800 000 patients by the end of this financial year.
We also need to ensure rational use of medicines. To this end, we have
standard treatment guidelines referred to as STGs. On the 25 November
last year we launched a mobile Application (App) to disseminate these
guidelines, starting with the Primary Health Care STGs. This
Application is freely available from all app stores and also works
offline to assist health professionals in remote areas with poor or no
The Application helps decision-making at the point-of-care. It also
has a function to report any stock-outs of essential medicines. What
it means is that any doctor in any health facility, on prescribing any
essential medicine and told that it is out-of-stock, can press a
button which will report such a stock out directly to Pretoria. It
means the doctor does not have to struggle with the management of the
hospital or clinic who in the first place should have reported the
stock out if there was good management in that facility.
This Application has already been downloaded 15 000 times in South Africa.
It is a home grown App developed by our own Medical Research Council
(MRC). Guess what? The World Health Organisation is very interested in
it and is informing countries about it and it has already been
downloaded 1 000 times by international users.
What is brilliant about the system is that it is not only doctors and
nurses who may use it. Even you as a patient and member of the public
can download it and use it. It can give you a phone number and
physical address of any public health facility in the country as well
as directions to the facility, which is linked to your google map. You
can inform us about side effects of any medication you are on, using
this App from anywhere in the country.
If you have downloaded this App and you go to any health facility as a
patient and experience a drug stock out, you can press a button and it
will inform us in Pretoria and we will investigate and take corrective
Please note that whenever you download this facility and use it, we
will be able to know who you are.
I am just warning those who may be tempted to play games with us on
such an important tool!!
Honourable Chairperson, to strengthen the quality of our public health
facilities, we need an Ideal Clinic. As part of this ldeal Clinic
model, we will among other interventions deal with poor administration
of patients records and data, as well as to drastically reduce patient
waiting times. We have started the process of installing dedicated
computer hardware for the rollout of the Patient Health Information
System in our clinics.
In each dedicated computer we are installing software for a patient
registration system in accordance with paragraph 364 of the White
Paper on NHI. This system will be able to trace any patient within the
system, i.e when and which clinic have they visited before, what
medication did they receive and what amount of medication was
Gone will be the days, when some patients move from clinic to clinic
collecting medicines, resulting in overuse of services.
Out of the 700 Primary Health Care facilities in the NHI Pilot
Districts, we have already covered 657. A total of 1 400 additional
facilities will be completed in this financial year with the remaining
facilities completed in 2017/18.
Patients are being loaded on this system as they visit health
facilities. Next month, we will officially launch this system after we
have loaded one third of the uninsured population.
Honourable Members, together with CEOs of private sector companies
operating in health, in 2012 we launched a Public Health Enhancement
Fund to help strengthen the human capital of our country. The
following companies contributed handsomely to the establishment of
- United Pharmaceutical Distributors
- Alcon Laboratories
- Clinix Health Group
- Joint Medical Trust
- Roche Diagnostics
- Aspen Holdings
- Life Healthcare
- Roche Pharma
- Abbott Laboratories
- Bausch + Lomb
- Discovery Holdings
- Litha Holdings
- Netcare Holdings
- Servier Laboratories
- Abbott Diagnostic
- Novo Nordisk
A total of R40 million was collected and we agreed to produce 1000
PhDs in the field of HIV and AIDS research over a period of ten (10)
Honourable Members I am happy to announce the first PhD produced by
this collaboration. He is Dr Simon Nematandani – who is with us in the
gallery today, and I am also happy to announce that 76 more students
are already in this scholarship and we are awaiting the day they
obtain their PhDs like Dr Nematandani.
I wish to heartily thank the participating companies for the foresight
in helping to build the human capital of our country which as we all
know is a very important component of nation building and economic
Honourable Members will recall that our icon, former President Mandela
was instrumental in facilitating the building of a children’s hospital
in Gauteng not only for South Africa’s children but for children of
the whole region. I am very happy to announce that his vision is being
realized. The Nelson Mandela Children’s Hospital is scheduled to be
officially opened in December 2016.
Finally, I wish to announce that in further strengthening and
reorganizing the healthcare system, South Africa has now got its first
ever Health Ombuds. He was appointed last week. He is Prof Malegapuru
Makgoba!! He will commence work as an Ombuds on the 1st of June 2016!!
His function will be to investigate and dispose of the complaints laid
by patients and the public in general against health establishments
and health workers. He will act as the public protector of health.
In conclusion, I wish to thank my colleague, Deputy Minister Joe
Phaahla for a very warm and fruitful working relationship.
Let me finally thank my team of officials, ably led by the
Director-General Ms Precious Matsoso in absentia, the DDGs all present
today and other senior officials of my Department, for their hard work
in our effort to improve our healthcare system. I also wish to thank
my colleagues the MECs, for their support and commitment.
Honourable Members, may I request the House to approve the Budget of
the National Department of Health in the amount of R38,563 billion.
I thank you for your attention!
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