[Ip-health] UACT Statement regarding Chilean Congress resolution calling on the President to advance the compulsory licensing request on HCV drugs

Manon Ress manon.ress at keionline.org
Fri Jan 5 13:59:00 PST 2018


UACT Statement regarding Chilean Congress resolution calling on the
President to advance the compulsory licensing request on HCV drugs

http://cancerunion.org/2018/01/05/uact-statement-regarding-chilean-congress-resolution-calling-on-the-president-to-advance-the-compulsory-licensing-request-on-hcv-drugs/

UACT applauds the Chilean Congress resolution calling on the President to
advance the compulsory licensing request on HCV drugs made in March 2017 by
patients, advocates including Innovarte NGO, and elected officials.  The
resolution, Number 1014, passed by a 96-0 vote with one abstention, and
includes the signatures of representatives across the entire political
spectrum 1.

In Chile, the private market price of sofosbuvir at the time of the
compulsory licensing request was approximately $36,000 USD per patient.
This price is well in excess of Chile’s GNI per capita of $14,100 USD 2.
The Ministry of Health currently pays $7,000 USD for a three-month supply
of sofosbuvir, but is unable to treat many of the thousands of patients
that require treatment, thus forcing patients to either pay exorbitant and
often unaffordable prices or go untreated.

Hepatitis C is known to lead to the liver cancer hepatocellular carcinoma
(HCC), the fifth most common cancer and third most common cause of cancer
death in the world 3, and is responsible for ten to twenty percent of
virus-associated liver cancers 4. Scientific studies have found that
patients treated with direct acting antivirals who achieve a sustained
virologic response have a significantly lower risk of developing liver
cancer.

UACT would also like to remind the Chilean Congress that the March 2017
compulsory license request also included Xtandi (enzalutamide), an
important prostate cancer medicine marketed by Astellas Pharma, a Japanese
company. The drug was developed at the University of California Los Angeles
with the support of the U.S. government via grants from the National
Institutes of Health and the Department of Defense.  In Chile, the private
market price of Xtandi is approximately $45,000 USD per patient per year,
which is also well in excess of the GNI per capita of $14,100 USD. Too many
patients continue to suffer needlessly when the government should be using
the legal tools at its disposal to allow entry of generic competition that
would make the drug affordable to all those in need.

1. More information on the resolution here: https://www.keionline.org/23751/
2. 2015 GNI per capita, Atlas method, current US$, World Bank World
Development Indicators
3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2840947/
4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4141529/


-- 
Manon Ress, Ph.D.
Knowledge Ecology International, KEI
manon.ress at keionline.org, tel.: +1 202 332 2670
www.keionline.org


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