[Ip-health] WHO donors (US, Gates Foundation, UK, Norway, Canada, EC, GAVI and Roche): Setting the agenda for global public health?

Thiru Balasubramaniam thiru at keionline.org
Mon May 17 01:09:30 PDT 2010


WHO donors (US, Gates Foundation, UK, Norway, Canada, EC, GAVI and  
Roche): Setting the agenda for global public health?

By thiru

Created 15 May 2010 - 7:25am
As the 63rd World Health Assembly (WHA) opens on May 17, 2010, WHO  
member countries will meet to consider matters of great moment  
including such topics as 'counterfeit medical products' [1], pandemic  
influenza preparedness (sharing of influenza viruses and access to  
vaccines and other benefits) [2] and the Report of the WHO Expert  
Working Group on R&D Financing [3]. Perhaps unnoticed in the litany of  
WHO briefing documents is a 24 page information document produced by  
the WHO secretariat on Voluntary contributions by fund and by donor  
for the financial period 2008–2009 [4]. This informative document is  
essential in terms of understanding the the politics and power  
dynamics of the World Health Organization (WHO).

A63/INF.DOC./4 disaggregates all voluntary contributions to WHO by  
individual donor including Member States and private donors noting that

[v]oluntary contributions – core include two types of income: funds  
received to support the Programme budget as a whole, considered fully  
or highly flexible; and funds that are earmarked for purposes within  
the Programme budget, considered designated, or medium flexible. Fully  
flexible funds are recorded in the Core voluntary contributions  
account. Highly flexible funds, earmarked only at the level of  
strategic objective, are also generally recorded in the Core voluntary  
contributions account. Designated funds, to a greater or lesser degree  
earmarked at the level of Organization-wide expected result, disease,  
or programme, are not as tightly specified for detailed activity or  
expenditure lines and reporting as are voluntary contributions –  
specified, yet are still earmarked rather than highly flexible. At the  
moment, voluntary contributions – core designated funds also include  
some funds earmarked at the level of activity. WHO is actively  
improving its ability to track various levels of earmarking.

The total amount of 'specified' voluntary contributions for the period  
of 2008 to 2009 (including contributions to the WHO, UNICEF/UNDP/World  
Bank/WHO Special Programme of Research and Training in Tropical  
Diseases (TDR), the Stop TB Partnership, the UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank  
Special Programme on Research, Development and Research Training in  
Human Reproduction, the Roll Back Malaria Partnership and Water Supply  
and Sanitation Collaborative Council is around $2.3 billion dollars  
The Total General Fund for WHO, including specified voluntary  
contributions, 'core' voluntary contributions and contributions to  
WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the Stop TB  
Partnership Global Drug Facility is $2 744 594 186 dollars. Unofficial  
sources within WHO have confirmed that these voluntary contributions  
form around 80 percent of WHO operating budget.

It may be of interest to readers to know the following source of  
contributions to WHO and the size of their respective donations to get  
a glimpse of the diversity of donors.

United States of America: $424 540 852
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: $338 737 334
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: $205 510 011
Rotary InternationaL 155 669 958
Norway: $103 923 252
Canada $96 356 532
European Commission: $93 569 572
The Global Alliance for Vaccine Immunization (GAVI): $85 185 306
Hoffmann-La Roche and Co Ltd.: $84 000 000
Netherlands: $81 607 343
Spain: $59 113 396
Sweden: $54 601 263
Germany: $48 150 583
Italy: $37 157 862
Republic of Korea: $27 311 749
Japan: $24 520 679
Russian Federation: $20 050 000
France: $19 401 505
UNITAID: $12 278 432
Novartis: $10 549 561
Malaysia: $3 880 000
Region of Veneto, Italy: $2 637 064
Merck: $2 450 921
India: $1 170 429
Pakistan $972 460
Singapore: $616 705


Thiru Balasubramaniam
Geneva Representative
Knowledge Ecology International (KEI)
thiru at keionline.org

Tel: +41 22 791 6727
Mobile: +41 76 508 0997

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