[Ip-health] World Health Organization Corporation?: Resisting Corporate Influence in WHO: Third World Resurgence #298/299, June/July 2015

K.M. Gopakumar kumargopakm at gmail.com
Mon Aug 31 05:42:11 PDT 2015


*Title :* Third World Resurgence #298/299, June/July 2015
*Date :* 24 August 2015


*Third World Resurgence #298/299 (June/July 2015)*

*This issue’s contents: World Health Organization Corporation?: Resisting
Corporate Influence in WHO*


*WHO shackled: Donor control of the World Health Organisation*
*By David Legge*
Since the 1990s, concern has grown that the integrity and independence of
the World Health Organisation (WHO) may be compromised as a result of
corporate influence. When in May, the World Health Assembly - the supreme
decision-making body of WHO - met in Geneva, much of the debate centred on
the funding of WHO and the rules regarding this UN agency's relationship
with the private sector.* David Legge *analyses the debate and explains the
issues involved.

*WHO reform: opening the floodgates to the private sector?*
*By Judith Richter*
It is in the name of 'reform', against a backdrop of a funding crisis, that
a greater collaboration between WHO and big business is being justified.*
Judith Richter *provides a historical overview of the process which began
in 1992 with the drive for UN 'reforms', a euphemism for the neoliberal
restructuring of the world body.

*Reform and WHO: The continuing saga of FENSA*
*By KM Gopakumar*
A year after WHO launched its 'reform' programme in 2011, the WHO
secretariat began working on a comprehensive policy to regulate engagements
between WHO and non-state actors or NSAs (academics, NGOs, philanthropies
and private sector entities etc). The framework document that emerged has
been dubbed FENSA (Framework of Engagement with Non-State Actors). *KM
Gopakumar *charts the continuing debate over this document.

*No consensus at World Health Assembly on non-state actors engagement
*By KM Gopakumar and Mirza Alas*
Efforts to forge a consensus at the World Health Assembly in May on a
document governing WHO's engagement with non-state actors (Framework for
Engagement with Non-State Actors or FENSA) came to naught. *KM Gopakumar *and
*Mirza Alas* report on the Assembly's deliberations on the issue.

*CSOs voice concerns over corporate takeover of WHO*
*By Kanaga Raja*
At the World Health Assembly in May, civil society organisations criticised
the rich countries for refusing an increase in their assessed contributions
to WHO and opposing any action by the agency which would be contrary to the
interests of their corporations. *Kanaga Raja* reports.

*Reforming and restoring WHO to good health*
*By German Velasquez*
In this trenchant critique of its failings, *German Velasquez *says that
the basic starting point of any reform of WHO should focus on how to regain
its public and multilateral character.


*Fossil fuel subsidies total trillions of dollars per year*
*By Pete Dolack*
The hidden environmental costs of fossil fuels run into trillions of
dollars, says an IMF working paper. Analysing the paper, *Pete Dolack *argues
that this is the price of letting ‘the market’ dictate outcomes.

*SPECIAL FEATURE: The New Debt Crisis*

*Debt is back!*
Rising inequality, along with financial deregulation, has spurred the
significant increase in global debt levels. Although much of the media
spotlight has focused on Greece recently, the fact is that more than 90
countries are either in or at risk of a new debt crisis. We reproduce below
the executive summary of a new report by the Jubilee Debt Campaign which
highlights this phenomenon.

*What's next for Greece?*
*By Harry Konstantinidis*
Greece has been in the throes of a financial crisis for some years now but,
because of its membership of the eurozone, is unable to have recourse to
traditional options to combat it. What is required, argues *Harry
Konstantinidis,* is greater political imagination.

*Puerto Rico: Who should pay the debt?*
*By Ariel Noyola Rodriguez*
Puerto Rico has also been in the limelight recently because of its
unsustainable debt. *Ariel Noyola Rodriguez *explains how this debt arose
and the debate it has sparked as to who should pay it.


*Opposition mounts against regional trade pact threatening human rights*
*By Chee Yoke Heong*
Less well known than the notorious Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is engendering growing
opposition because of its similar oppressive provisions.


*How a weaker Iran got the hegemon to lift sanction*s
*By Gareth Porter*
The real significance of the recent historic Iran nuclear deal, says *Gareth
Porter,* is that it illustrates that despite the power disparity between
the US and Iran, a weaker state can secure its vital interests in
negotiations with a hegemonic power by exploiting its sources of leverage
to the maximum with patience, courage and careful calculation.

*The Israel lobby's $50m campaign against the Iran nuclear deal*
*By Richard Silverstein*
If the Iran deal passes, Israel loses. The Israel lobby is spending big on
whatever it takes to make sure this doesn't happen.

*Nuclear-weapons-free world no lost cause*
*By Jamshed Baruah*
The 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) has as
one of its main goals the realisation of general and complete nuclear
disarmament. While it is tragic that an NPT review conference held on the
70th anniversary year of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki should have
ended without an outcome document, it was by no means a total failure. *Jamshed
Baruah *explains the positive outcomes of the 2015 NPT review conference.

*Turkey's dirty war against Syria*
*By Jeremy Salt*
Turkey under President Erdogan has been waging a hidden war against Syria -
a war which *Jeremy Salt *says is indefensible morally, legally and
politically. And now, as Robert Ellis points out in the subsequent article,
by joining the air campaign against the Islamic State, Erdogan has secured
President Obama's support for intensifying and expanding that war, a course
of action that fits in with his domestic political agenda.

*Repudiating corruption in Guatemala: Revolution or neoliberal outrage?*
*By Nicholas Copeland*
Securing the 'rule of law' and purging corrupt politicians will not suffice
- only structural transformation will address the roots of Guatemala's
democratic malaise, says* Nicholas Copeland.*


*Rural women in Latin America define their own kind of feminism*
*By Fabiana Frayssinet*
Rural women in Latin America suffer marginalisation and various forms of
gender oppression. Yet those who resist such oppression hesitate to call
themselves feminist.  *Fabiana Frayssinet *explains why.


*A resurgent Right*
*By Jeremy Seabrook*
After their triumph in the British general elections in May, the
Conservatives, says *Jeremy Seabrook, *are continuing with their project of
dismantling 150 years of work of the labour movement, philanthropists and
reformers against unbridled capitalism.


*Letters from a man in solitary*
*By Nazim Hikmet*
*Nazim Hikmet *(1902-1963), whose 52nd death anniversary was commemorated
in June, was a poet, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, director and
memoirist. Although acclaimed as a giant of modern Turkish literature, he
suffered, on account of his radical political views, long years in prison -
an experience which he immortalised in his poetry.

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