[Ip-health] Medicines Patent Pool Statement at the Consultation on the global framework for development and stewardship to combat antimicrobial resistance
evillanueva at medicinespatentpool.org
Tue Oct 2 00:52:31 PDT 2018
The Medicines Patent Pool would like to share with you the statement below which we delivered yesterday during the WHO Consultation on the global framework for development and stewardship to combat antimicrobial resistance.
Elena Villanueva | Policy and Advocacy Manager | Medicines Patent Pool
Tel: +41 22 533 5059 | Mob: +41 (0)79 329 7165
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Medicines Patent Pool Statement at the Consultation on the global framework for development and stewardship to combat antimicrobial resistance
1 October 2018
The Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) would like to thank the tripartite for the opportunity to provide inputs to the global framework for development and stewardship to combat antimicrobial resistance.
We would like to welcome that the framework, in line with the mandate of the Political declaration of the UN High-Level Meeting on AMR, includes a number of basic principles for needs-driven R&D that foster access to new products. These principles should contribute to guiding the design of appropriate incentives to strengthen the current antibiotic pipeline. As stated in the declaration and the framework, those incentives should be designed in a manner that de-link the financing of research and development from the price and volume of sales of new antibiotics to facilitate equitable and affordable access and to avoid perverse incentives that lead to excessive use. And we agree to the need to consider innovation, access and conservation holistically.
The Medicines Patent Pool believes public-health oriented patent pooling can contribute to implementing these principles by supporting efforts to manage IP on new antibiotics in a public health-oriented manner. A manner that promotes innovation and facilitates both access and stewardship.
The Medicines Patent Pool is already implementing, monitoring, and enforcing certain stewardship-related obligations in its current licenses with drug manufacturers in the fields of HIV, hepatitis C and TB. These could be further enhanced in relation to AMR. Through its licensing agreements and careful monitoring of compliance, the MPP can ensure that there are binding obligations in a number of areas in which manufacturers would be expected to contribute to the stewardship of new antibiotics. These could include, for example, licensing provisions that ensure that products comply with quality assurance standards, that there are appropriate controls on the release of active ingredient into the environment, that marketing practices are appropriate and contribute to rational use, or that new antibiotics are sold through appropriate channels to decrease the risk of resistance. The licences can also contribute to ensuring that people in LMICs who need them get access.
However, in relation to many of these areas, there is a need to develop appropriate standards that can be expected from manufacturers. We would therefore like to propose that as part of the next steps, Member States, together with the WHO, the FAO and the OIE, further develop such norms and standards. This would support the efforts of many stakeholders so that those norms and standards can be used as a benchmark for responsible behavior from all parties.
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